Easy Worm Mix FAQ

May 16, 2015

I put this FAQ together to address some of the common (and occasional) questions that people have about Easy Worm Mix. I will likely add more questions and answers over time.

I highly recommend that you also refer to the Easy Worm Mix Guide.

Are there worms in Easy Worm Mix, or do I need to purchase them separately?

Yes – this is a Red Worm culture intended to start up a new worm composting system. Each bag of Easy Worm Mix has at least 250 Red Worms in it. The habitat material comes from active systems (and will already have some worms and likely cocoons in it) and 250 worms are hand-counted and added as well.

What kind of worms are in Easy Worm Mix? Are there different kinds?

The worms in Easy Mix are Red Worms (aka “Red Wigglers”) – Eisenia fetida/andrei (two very closely related worms that commonly occur in mixed populations). It is very unlikely that you will end up with any other types of worms in your mix.

How is the “New” Easy Worm Mix (2018) Different from the Original Easy Worm Mix?

My original Easy Worm Mix was concentrated worm-rich material. It contained loads of worms (and cocoons) but there was never any attempt to determine the exact numbers of worms. The guarantee was simply that it would start up a typical home vermicomposting system very effectively. I sold this mix in a single, larger bag (12-16 litres of material).

The new EWM comes in smaller bags. It still contains rich habitat material with worms (and likely cocoons) already in it – but there are also 250 hand-counted Red Worms added. This adds some standardization, and the smaller bags will likely be easier to work with.

How many worms are in this mix?

As outlined in the previous response, you can expect that there are at least 250 Red Worms in each bag – since the base habitat material the bags are filled with already has worms/cocoons in it, and 250 additional worms are then added as well.

This is an ideal mix for starting up a new worm bin, for stocking an outdoor composter (as long as it has been prepped for vermicomposting), for starting various “vermigardening” systems, and even for helping to “fix” an active vermicomposting system that isn’t performing very well (but in this case, please make sure to provide me with details so we can determine what’s causing the problems before the mix gets added).

Is there a pound of worms in this mix?

NO – absolutely not. For one thing, these tend to be fairly small worms – but even 250-300 large Red Worms would not weigh 1 lb. Easy Worm Mix is what you could call a “nursery mix”. There are lots of smaller worms (and cocoons). Their total biomass won’t add up to much when you first receive them – but their “future potential” is substantial. I recommend two bags of EWM for best results – but even a single bag could be used to start up a new worm bin quite effectively.

How much mix do I get?

Each of the new Easy Worm Mix bags will likely contain between 3 and 4 litres of worm-rich material.

I am looking for good fishing worms. Is Easy Worm Mix a good choice for me?

Yes and no. Yes, I would recommend the mix to anyone with an interest in starting up their own bins so they can raise their own worms for fishing. But NO, a bag of Easy Worm Mix is not ideally suited for being taken fishing and then the worms used for bait.

These are pretty small Red Worms for the most part. If you want to grow them to a good “fishing size” I recommend using no more than one bag of the mix per bin (spacing is important for growth), and also recommend boosting their nutrition in various ways – such as supplementing their feeding with aged manure, chick starter feed etc.

Can I add Easy Worm Mix to my garden?

It’s very important to realize that Red Worms are NOT really soil worms, like most of your typical “garden varieties”. They are what’s known as an “epigeic” species – earthworms that live very close to (often above) the soil surface in rich deposits of organic matter.

The good news is that you CAN still use Easy Worm Mix in your garden, but you’ll need to create an optimized environment for the Red Worms in order to gain the maximum potential benefit.

I’ve had great success with various “in situ” composting systems – that is, composting systems that are actually located right in (or beside) my gardens – such as vermicomposting trenches and “Worm Towers”.

Be sure to check out this blog post for more information:
Gardening With Composting Worms

Can I use Easy Worm Mix in a backyard composter?

YES, absolutely! This is actually a fantastic way to put this mix to good use. But you DO need to make sure the system is set up properly! The good news is that your chances of success using Easy Worm Mix are likely higher than when you purchase bulk composting worms, since the mix contains lots of valuable starter habitat/food, plus plenty of beneficial composting organisms.

Check out this blog post to learn more:
Backyard Composting with Worms

I’ve read that releasing worms outdoors can impact local forest ecosystems. Should I be concerned with these worms?

In some locations, especially where native worm populations were not previously present, certain earthworm species are indeed creating problems. This can commonly be linked to fishermen dumping out their bait worm containers in remote fishing locations.

It’s important to not make sweeping generalizations about this, however (i.e all worms are “invasive” or just generally “bad for the environment”). In the scientific literature there isn’t any documentation (that I know of) implicating Eisenia sp worms (those typically used for vermicomposting – and ones we sell) as harmful. Some have included them on “watch lists”, but in my humble opinion this is a case of “throwing out the baby with the bath water”. Eisenia worms are adapted for life in habitats containing very rich organic wastes, so you’ll very rarely even find them in the “wild”. They certainly aren’t voracious forest leaf litter consumers (unlike some of the Lumbricus species). They are usually closely associated with human habitation – eg on farms, or in compost heaps in urban settings.

If you liked to learn more about this, you may want to read an article I posted on my other website:
Do Composting Worms Pose a Threat as Invasive Species?

I’m not seeing many worms. Is this mix going to work?

Absolutely! You just need to follow my instructions and hold yourself back from trying to do too much too soon (the new vermicomposter curse). As touched on earlier, this is what I refer to as a “nursery mix”. In other words, there are loads of smaller worms – many almost invisible when covered in habitat material – plus cocoons (which release an average of 3 new Red Worms each), along with quite a few adults. The mix is taken from from specialized beds, where there is more emphasis on worm numbers (and reproduction) than worm size.

You are also receiving a good quantity of what I like to refer to as “living material” (containing countless beneficial composting organisms). This alone will greatly assist the process.

Can I set up a bin like you did in the Easy Worm Mix Guide and leave it outside?

Generally, I don’t recommend keeping enclosed plastic bin systems outdoors since they don’t offer much of a buffer against weather extremes.

If the bin ever receives direct sunlight, especially during summer months, temperatures inside could potentially climb past the acceptable range (of about 30-34 C), and the worms could end up dying since they wouldnt have a cooler location to escape to.

Similarly, during periods where temps are below the freezing mark, a small plastic bin would offer virtually no protection, and the contents would likely freeze solid. This would obviously kill the worms as well.

All that being said – as long as you keep the system in a protected (shaded, and just generally sheltered) location, you should do OK. And also don’t forget what I said earlier about the potential of backyard composters (and various other options) as well.

Easy Worm Mix Blog Posts
(Please note that these were written about the original Easy Worm Mix – but they are still relevant for anyone using the new mix)

NEW – Easy Worm Mix!
Easy Worm Mix Bin Update
Straw Bale Gardening with Easy Worm Mix?
Feeding My Easy Worm Mix System
Splitting The Easy Worm Mix Test Bin

Have any additional questions about Easy Worm Mix? Please feel free to email me any time!